Geology (Rocks & Minerals)

Geology (from the Greek ge = earth and logos = word or reason) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history and the processes that shape it. It is one of the Earth sciences. Geologists have determined that the Earth's lithosphere, which includes the crust, is fragmented into tectonic plates that move over a rheic upper mantle (asthenosphere) via processes that are collectively referred to as plate tectonics.

Geologists help locate and manage the earth's natural resources, such as petroleum and coal, as well as metals such as iron, copper, and uranium. Additional economic interests include gemstones and many minerals such as asbestos, perlite, mica, phosphates, zeolites, clay, pumice, quartz, and silica, as well as elements such as sulphur, chlorine, and helium.

Astrogeology refers to the application of geologic principles to other bodies of the solar system. However, specialised terms such as selenology (studies of the Moon), areology (of Mars), etc., are also in use.

The word "geology" was first used by Jean-André Deluc in the year 1778 and introduced as a fixed term by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the year 1779. An older meaning of the word was first used by Richard de Bury. He used it to distinguish between earthly and theological jurisprudence.

Topography is the study ofa planet's geologicalsurface features. In a broader sense, topography is concerned with local detail in general, including not only relief but also vegetative and human-made features, and even local history and culture. This meaning is less common in America, where topographic maps with elevation contours have made "topography" synonymous with relief. The older sense of topography as the study of place still has currency in Europe.

Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. The field also includes studies of variants such as seaquakes, as well as causes such as volcanoes and tectonic plates.
(You can learn more about these scientific disciplines by reading the following articles on Wikipedia: Geology and Seismology.)

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Earth Shook, the Sky Burned
by William Bronson
from Chronicle Books
for 6th-Adult
in Titanic & 20th Century Disasters (Location: G5D-HIS)
$6.00 (1 in stock)
Geology By Design
by Carl R. Froede, Jr.
from Master Books
for 9th-Adult
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
$14.99
Grand Canyon
by Tom Vail
from Master Books
for 5th-Adult
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
$16.99
Great Ice Age DVD
by Hosted by Michael Oard
from Awesome Science Media
for 7th-Adult
Great Missoula Flood DVD
The Flood Geology Series
by Hosted by Michael Oard
from Awesome Science Media
for 8th-Adult
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
Mount St. Helens DVD
The Flood Geology Series
by Michael Oard
from Awesome Science Media
for 8th-Adult
in Faith & Science (Location: XAP-SCI)
National Audubon Society Field Guide to Rocks and Minerals
from Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
for 4th-Adult
in Field Guides & Nature Handbooks (Location: NAT-FIELD)
Your Guide to the Grand Canyon
by Tom Vail, Michael Oard, Dennis Bokovoy, & John Hergenrather
from Master Books
for 8th-Adult
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
$15.99
Your Guide to Yellowstone (True North)
by Dennis Bokovoy, John Hergenrather, Mike Oard, Tom Vail
Spi from Master Books
for 8th-Adult
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
$15.99
Your Guide to Zion and Bryce Canyon (True North)
by Dennis Bokovoy, John Hergenrather, Mike Oard, Tom Vail
Spi from New Leaf Press
for ages 10 and up
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
$15.99