Henry Winterfeld (born April 9, 1901, in Hamburg, Germany; died January 27, 1990, in Machias, Maine), published under the pseudonym Manfred Michael, was a German writer and artist famous for his children's and young adult novels. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1940 and lived there until his death.
Henry Winterfeld was married to Elsie Winterfeld. She worked as a toy designer and created a patented three-headed doll.
Henry Winterfeld began his career as a writer in 1933, when he wrote to entertain his son, Thomas Henry Winterfeld (1923 - 2008, an oceanographer), who was young and sick with scarlet fever. The result was Henry Winterfeld's first book, Trouble at Timpetill, which was published in 1937 in German under the pseudonym Manfred Michael.
Because of the Nazi regime in Germany, Henry Winterfeld, who was a Jew, moved to Austria in 1933 and from there emigrated to France in 1938. In October, 1939, he was arrested and interned in Nevers until May, 1940. After his release, his family was able to emigrate to the United States before the Nazi troops invaded France began on May 10, 1940. In 1946, he became an American citizen. Winterfeld's niece, Marianne Gilbert Finnegan, describes the life of the Winterfelds in the United States in her autobiography Memories of a Mischling: Becoming an American.
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