Geology (Rocks & Minerals)

Geology (from the Greek ge = earth and logos = word or reason) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history and the processes that shape it. It is one of the Earth sciences. Geologists have determined that the Earth's lithosphere, which includes the crust, is fragmented into tectonic plates that move over a rheic upper mantle (asthenosphere) via processes that are collectively referred to as plate tectonics.

Geologists help locate and manage the earth's natural resources, such as petroleum and coal, as well as metals such as iron, copper, and uranium. Additional economic interests include gemstones and many minerals such as asbestos, perlite, mica, phosphates, zeolites, clay, pumice, quartz, and silica, as well as elements such as sulphur, chlorine, and helium.

Astrogeology refers to the application of geologic principles to other bodies of the solar system. However, specialised terms such as selenology (studies of the Moon), areology (of Mars), etc., are also in use.

The word "geology" was first used by Jean-André Deluc in the year 1778 and introduced as a fixed term by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the year 1779. An older meaning of the word was first used by Richard de Bury. He used it to distinguish between earthly and theological jurisprudence.

Topography is the study ofa planet's geologicalsurface features. In a broader sense, topography is concerned with local detail in general, including not only relief but also vegetative and human-made features, and even local history and culture. This meaning is less common in America, where topographic maps with elevation contours have made "topography" synonymous with relief. The older sense of topography as the study of place still has currency in Europe.

Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. The field also includes studies of variants such as seaquakes, as well as causes such as volcanoes and tectonic plates.
(You can learn more about these scientific disciplines by reading the following articles on Wikipedia: Geology and Seismology.)

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Earth Shook, the Sky Burned
by William Bronson
from Chronicle Books
for 6th-Adult
in Titanic & 20th Century Disasters (Location: G5D-HIS)
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Flood by Design
by Michael Oard
from Master Books
for 8th-12th grade
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: SCI-GEO)
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Geology Rocks!
by Cindy Blobaum
from Williamson Publishing Company
for 1st-7th grade
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How to Dig a Hole to the Other Side of the World
by Faith McNulty
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I Survived the Japanese Tsunami, 2011
by Lauren Tarshis
from Scholastic Inc.
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Janice VanCleave's Volcanoes
Janice VanCleave's Science
by Janice VanCleave
from John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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Madam How and Lady Why
by Charles Kingsley
from Yesterday's Classics
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Madam How and Lady Why
by Charles Kingsley
from Living Book Press
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in Yesterday's Classics (Location: FIC-YC)
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Magic School Bus Inside the Earth
by Joanne Cole
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Official Sassafras SciDat Logbook 5
Sassafras Science
by Johnny Congo & Paige Hudson
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One Small Square: Cave
One Small Square
by Donald Silver & Patricia Wynne
from McGraw-Hill
for 1st-3rd grade
in One Small Square (Location: SCI-1SS)
$10.00
Peterson First Guide to Rocks and Minerals
by Frederick H. Pough
from Houghton Mifflin
for 5th-8th grade
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$7.95
PLP: Intro to Archaeology & Geology - Package
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PLP: Intro to Archaeology & Geology - Parent Lesson Planner
from Master Books
for 7th-9th grade
in Master Book Science (Location: SCICUR-MB)
$12.99
PLP: Survey of Science Specialties - Package
from Master Books
for 10th-12th grade
in Master Book Science (Location: SCICUR-MB)
Rock is Lively
by Dianna Hutts Aston
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$7.99
Sassafras Guide to Geology
Sassafras Science
by Johnny Congo & Paige Hudson
from Elemental Science
for Kindergarten-5th grade
in Sassafras Science (Location: SCICUR-SAS)
$15.00 (1 in stock)
Sassafras Science Adventures Volume 5
Sassafras Science
by Johnny Congo & Paige Hudson
from Elemental Science
for Kindergarten-5th grade
in Sassafras Science (Location: SCICUR-SAS)
$11.00 (1 in stock)
ScienceWorks: Geology Grades 1-3
by Jo Ellen Moor
from Evan-Moor Educational Publishers
for 1st-3rd grade
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$10.49
Volcano
by Patricia Lauber
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Volcano
by Patricia Lauber
from Simon and Schuster
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Volcanoes and other Natural Disasters
A DK Eyewitness Reader Level 4
by Harriet Griffey
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for 2nd-4th grade
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$2.50 (1 in stock)
Volcanoes!
A Step into Reading Book Level 4
by Eric Arnold
from Random House
for 2nd-3rd grade
in Step into Reading (Location: EARREA-STEP)
$4.99