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History of Science & Mathematics

Science is a body of empirical, theoretical, and practical knowledge about the natural world, produced by a global community of researchers making use of scientific methods, which emphasize the observation, experimentation and explanation of real world phenomena. Given the dual status of science as objective knowledge and as a human construct, good historiography of science draws on the historical methods of both intellectual history and social history. While empirical investigations of the natural world have been described since antiquity, and scientific methods have been employed since the Middle Ages, the dawn of modern science is generally traced back to the early modern period, during what is known as the Scientific Revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries. Scientific methods are considered to be so fundamental to modern science that some—especially philosophers of science and practicing scientists—consider earlier inquiries into nature to be pre-scientific. Traditionally, historians of science have defined science sufficiently broadly to include those inquiries.

The area of study known as the history of mathematics is primarily an investigation into the origin of new discoveries in mathematics. To a lesser extent it isan investigation into the standard mathematical methods and notation of the past. Before the modern age and the worldwide spread of knowledge, written examples of new mathematical developments have come to light only in a few locales. All of these texts concern the so-called Pythagorean theorem, which seems to be the most ancient and widespread mathematical development after basic arithmetic and geometry. One striking feature of the history of ancient and medieval mathematics is that bursts of mathematical development were often followed by centuries of stagnation. Beginning in Renaissance Italy in the 16th century, new mathematical developments, interacting with new scientific discoveries, were made at an ever increasing pace, and this continues to the present day.

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207 Items found Print
Albert Einstein
History's All-Stars
by Marie Hammontree
from Aladdin Paperbacks
Biography for 3rd-6th grade
in Childhood of Famous Americans (Location: A12-07D)
$5.59
Albert Einstein and the Theory of Relativity
Solutions: Profiles in Science for Young People
by Robert Cwiklik
from Barron's Educational Series, Inc.
for 5th-8th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$5.94
Alexander Graham Bell
by Elizabeth MacLeod
from Kids Can Press
Biography for 3rd-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$7.95
Along Came Galileo
by Jeanne Bendick
from Beautiful Feet Books
Biography for 4th-8th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$11.01 $7.50 (4 in stock)
Always Inventing
by Tom L. Matthews
from National Geographic
for 3rd-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$6.79
Amazing Life of Benjamin Franklin
by James Cross Giblin
from Scholastic Inc.
for 1st-4th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$7.95
Archimedes and the Door of Science
by Jeanne Bendick
from Bethlehem Books
Biography for 5th-8th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$12.71
Aristotle Leads the Way - Student's Quest Guide
by Joy Hakim
from Smithsonian Books
for 8th-12th grade
in History of Science & Mathematics (Location: B03-00C)
$8.50 (1 in stock)
Aristotle Leads the Way: Teacher's Quest Guide
by Joy Hakim
from Smithsonian Books
for 4th-10th grade
in History of Science & Mathematics (Location: B03-00C)
$30.00 (1 in stock)
Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
Dover Thrift Editions
by Benjamin Franklin
from Dover Publications
for 9th-Adult
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$3.40 $2.50 (1 in stock)
Back in Orbit
by Scott Montgomery, Timothy R. Gaffney
1St Edition from Taylor Trade Publishing
for 5th-10th grade
in Clearance: History & Geography (Location: ACL-HIS)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Ben Franklin
Sterling Point Books
by Thomas Fleming
from Sterling Publishing Co.
for 5th-9th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$6.95 $4.50 (1 in stock)
Ben Franklin of Old Philadelphia
Landmark Series
by Margaret Cousins
from Random House
Biography for 5th-8th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$5.09 $4.00 (1 in stock)
Ben Franklin of Old Philadelphia
Landmark #28
by Margaret Cousins
from Random House
for 5th-8th grade
in American Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
Benjamin Franklin
by Peter & Connie Roop
from Scholastic Inc.
Biography for 4th-6th grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$1.00 (2 in stock)
Benjamin Franklin
Heroes of History
by Geoff & Janet Benge
from Emerald Books
Biography for 4th-7th grade
in Heroes of History (Location: A12-06D)
$7.49
Benjamin Franklin
from Holiday House
for 1st-5th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Benjamin Franklin
by P. M. Boekhoff, Stuart A. Kallen
1st edition from KidHaven Press
for 4th-6th grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Benjamin Franklin: The Autobiography and Other Writings
Signet Classics
by Benjamin Franklin
Reprint from Signet Classics
Autobiography for 9th-Adult
in 18th Century Literature (Location: CLT-18C)
$4.21
Benjamin Franklin: Young Printer
by Augusta Stevenson
from Aladdin Paperbacks
Biography for 3rd-6th grade
in Childhood of Famous Americans (Location: A12-07D)
$6.39
Biography of Benjamin Franklin
Sons of Liberty Series
by William M. Thayer
from A Beka Books
for 5th-9th grade
in A Beka Book Report books (Location: B10-02B)
Blockhead: The Life of Fibonacci
by Romola Anderson, R. C. Anderson
1st edition from Henry Holt and Company
for 9th-Adult
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
Brainstorm!
by Tom Tucker
from Sunburst Book
for 4th-6th grade
in Biography Anthologies (Location: A12-07B)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Carl Linnaeus
Great Minds of Science
by Margaret Anderson
from Enslow
for Kindergarten-3rd grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Carry On, Mr. Bowditch
by Jean Lee Latham
from Houghton Mifflin
Biography for 5th-9th grade
1956 Newbery Medal winner
in Historical Fiction (Location: A05-01A)
$6.79
Carry On, Mr. Bowditch - Audio CD
by Jean Lee Latham
from Well-Trained Mind Press
for 5th-8th grade
in Historical Fiction (Location: A05-01A)
$28.50
Carver: A Life in Poems
by Marilyn Nelson
from Boyds Mill Press
for 7th-11th grade
2002 Newbery Honor Book, Coretta Scott King Honor Award
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$14.41
Champions of Invention
Champions of Discovery
by John Hudson Tiner
from Master Books
for 4th-8th grade
in Inventions & Discoveries (Location: BSR-14A)
$5.06 $3.50 (2 in stock)
Champions of Mathematics
by John Hudson Tiner
from Master Books
for 4th-8th grade
in History of Science & Mathematics (Location: B03-00C)
$5.09 $3.50 (1 in stock)
Champions of Science
Champions of Discovery
by John Hudson Tiner
from Master Books
for 4th-8th grade
in History of Science & Mathematics (Location: B03-00C)
$5.09
Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species
by Walter Karp
from Harper & Row
for 4th-8th grade
in Horizon Caravel Books (Location: A10-03G)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Classical Conversations Famous Scientists - Science Cards
from Classical Conversations
for Kindergarten-8th grade
in Classical Acts & Facts Cards (Location: B03-04A)
$19.99
Countdown to Flight!
by Steve Engleheart
from Avon Books
for 4th-7th grade
in Clearance: History & Geography (Location: ACL-HIS)
$1.00 (1 in stock)
Cyrus McCormick and the Mechanical Reaper
by Lisa J. Aldrich
1st edition from Morgan Reynolds
for 4th-6th grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Dangerous Engine
by Joan Dash
from Farrar, Straus and Giroux
for 9th-Adult
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Dear Dr. Bell...Your Friend, Helen Keller
by Judith St. George
from Scholastic Inc.
for 5th-8th grade
$1.00 (2 in stock)
Destination: Moon
by James Irwin
from Vision Forum
Biography for 4th-8th grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Did It Take Creativity to Find Relativity, Albert Einstein?
by Gilda Berger, Melvin & Gilda Berger, Melvin Berger
from Scholastic Inc.
for 4th-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$4.99 $3.50 (1 in stock)
Did You Invent The Phone All Alone, Alexander Graham Bell?
by Gilda Berger, Melvin Berger
from Scholastic Inc.
for 4th-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$4.99
DK Albert Einstein
by Frieda Wishinsky
from DK Children
for 4th-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
DK Biography: Marie Curie
by Vicki Cobb
from DK Children
for 3rd-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$5.99
Doctors Who Conquered Yellow Fever
Landmark #78
by Ralph Nading Hill
from Random House
for 5th-9th grade
in American Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
Double Helix
by James D. Watson
from Charles Scribner's Sons
for 11th-Adult
in Clearance: Literature (Location: ACL-LIT)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Dr. Jenner and the Speckled Monster
by Albert Marrin
from Dutton Juvenile
for 4th-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
Dr. Jenner and the Speckled Monster
by Albert Marrin
1st edition from Dutton Juvenile
for 4th-8th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$9.50 (3 in stock)
Dr. Jenner and the Speckled Monster
by Albert Marrin
1st edition
for 4th-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$6.50 (1 in stock)
Encyclopedia of Ideas that Changed the World
by Robert Ingpen, Philip Wilkinson
from Viking Studio Books
for 4th-10th grade
in Clearance: Science & Health (Location: ACL-SCI)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Exploring the History of Medicine - Questions, Reviews & Tests
by Cindy Davis & Ashley Gratto
2nd edition from Memoria Press
for 5th-8th grade
$6.80
Exploring the History of Medicine - Quizzes, Reviews, and Tests
by Ashley Gratto
from Memoria Press
for 5th-8th grade
$5.00
Exploring the History of Medicine - Supplemental Questions
by Ashley Gratto
3rd edition from Memoria Press
for 5th-8th grade
in Memoria Press Science (Location: B17-01C)
$5.00
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