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Exploration (1450-1900)

The early history of New World exploration reads like an old-style fantasy novel. Men from Europe literally traversed the North American continent looking for things like the City of Gold and the Fountain of Youth. With such a vast terrain ripe for discovery, there was really no way to prove those things couldn't be found, though not even someone as diligent as Juan Ponce de Leon was able to find any trace of such mystical destinations.

What they found instead was firm ground, mountains, jungles, rivers, deserts, exotic animals, and native inhabitants sometimes happy to greet them, sometimes happy to attack the newcomers. There are a lot of opinions and versions about the European exploration of North and South America, some of them accepted as standard, a few relegated to the conspiracy theorists' corner of shame, and one or two downright shocking.

Most historians agree that the initial Spanish and Portuguese insurgence, particularly in South and Central America, was occasioned primarily by greed and political jockeying. The big villain of this period was Hernan Cortes, a Spaniard who dealt freely in death, communicable disease, treachery, and gold between the Aztec empire and his own nation. It was said he pilfered so much gold his ships sank under it on the return journey.

Christopher Columbus has fared slightly better in the annals of history, though even his methods and motivations have fallen under suspicion. That he claimed the work of a missionary is now seen more as a burden for the Christian community to explain than as a noble mark in his favor. He also took gold, swapped diseases with the Indians, and provoked many to combat.

So what's the truth of all this? Are Europeans just a bunch of terrible people out to exploit everyone else? Is this merely liberal revisionism? The truth (as usual) is probably somewhere in between. Many of the explorers were pretty ruthless, but then again, the kind of personality that could accomplish something as arduous as the years-long journey to an unknown part of the world is bound to have some equally heroic flaws.

Review by C. Hollis Crossman
C. Hollis Crossman used to be a child. Now he is a husband and father, teaches adult Sunday school in his Presbyterian congregation, and likes weird stuff. He might be a mythical creature, but he's definitely not a centaur.Read more of his reviews here.

 

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197 Items found Print
1421: The Year China Discovered America
by Gavin Menzies
1st edition from William Morrow & Company
for Adult
in 20th & 21st Century Literature (Location: CLT-20C)
$9.60 (1 in stock)
1620, Year of the Pilgrims
by Genevieve Foster
from Charles Scribner's Sons
History Reference/Biography for 7th-10th grade
in New World Colonization (Location: B01-08A)
Across the Top of the World
by James P. Delgado
from Checkmark Books
for 7th-12th grade
in Clearance: Science & Health (Location: ACL)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Adventures and Discoveries of Marco Polo
World Landmark #3
by Richard Walsh
from Random House
for 5th-9th grade
in World Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
American History for Young Students I
by Michelle Miller
from TruthQuest History
History Curriculum for 1st-5th grade
in TruthQuest History (Location: B04-01A)
$24.95 $17.50 (2 in stock)
American History Stories Volume 1
by Mara L. Pratt
from Yesterday's Classics
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in Yesterday's Classics (Location: A11-02C)
$9.95 $7.00 (1 in stock)
Around the World in a Hundred Years
by Jean Fritz
from Penguin Putnam
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in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$8.99 $6.00 (1 in stock)
Atlas of North American Exploration
by Glyndwr Williams, William H. Goetzmann
Oklahoma Paperbacks Ed from University of Oklahoma Press
for 4th-8th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$14.00 (1 in stock)
Attack at Michilimackinac 1763
by David Armour
from Mackinac State Historic Parks
for 8th-12th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Balboa: Swordsman and Conquistador
World Landmark #25
by Felix Riesenberg, Jr.
from Random House
for 5th-9th grade
in World Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
Book of Discovery
by M. B. Synge
from Yesterday's Classics
for 7th-12th grade
in Yesterday's Classics (Location: A11-02C)
$17.95
Brown Paper School USKids History: Book of the New American Nation
by Howard Egger-Bovet, Marlene Smith-Baranzini
First Edition from Little, Brown & Company
for 3rd-8th grade
in New Nation (1783-1800) (Location: B01-10D)
$8.00 (2 in stock)
By Right of Conquest
by G. A. Henty
from Preston Speed
Historical Fiction for 6th-10th grade
in G. A. Henty Books (Location: A06-02A)
$11.20 (1 in stock)
By Right of Conquest
by G. A. Henty
from Robinson Curriculum
Historical Fiction for 6th-10th grade
in G. A. Henty Books (Location: A06-02A)
$20.00
By Right of Conquest
by G. A. Henty
from Robinson Curriculum
Historical Fiction for 6th-10th grade
in G. A. Henty Books (Location: A06-02A)
By Right of Conquest - MP3 CD
by Jim Hodges
from Jim Hodges Productions
Historical Fiction for 6th-10th grade
in Henty Audio Books (Location: APO-01C)
$21.25
Captain Cook & His Exploration of the Pacific
Great Explorers
by Roger Morriss
from Barron's Educational Series, Inc.
for 4th-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Captain Cook Explores the South Seas
World Landmark #19
by Armstrong Sperry
from Random House
for 5th-9th grade
in World Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
Captain of the Discovery
by Roderick Haig-Brown
from Macmillan
for 4th-7th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$3.50 (1 in stock)
Captive
by Scott O'Dell
from HMH Books for Young Readers
for 5th-8th grade
Hans Christian Anderson Award
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Cartier
Exploring the World
by Jean F. Blashfield
from Compass Point Books
Biography for 2nd-6th grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Children's Atlas of Exploration
from Millbrook Press
for 3rd-8th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$4.50 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus
by John Abbott
from A Beka Books
for 7th-10th grade
in A Beka Book Report books (Location: B10-02B)
$7.00 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus
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by Bennie Rhodes
from Mott Media
for 4th-6th grade
in Sowers Biographies (Location: A12-07F)
$7.64 $5.00 (3 in stock)
Christopher Columbus
by Susan Bivin Aller
from Barnes & Noble
for Kindergarten-3rd grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus
by Peter & Connie Roop
from Scholastic Inc.
for 4th-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus
by Charlotte & David Yue
from Houghton Mifflin
for 4th-6th grade
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus
by Ann McGovern
1st edition from Scholastic Inc.
for Preschool-2nd grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$2.50 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus and the Discovery of the New World
by Jim Gallagher
from Chelsea House Publishing
for 4th-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Christopher Columbus: Sailing to a New World
by Adrianna Morganelli
from Crabtree Publishing
for 4th-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$6.00 (1 in stock)
Coloring Book of Great Explorers
by Eric Tomb
from Bellerophon Books
for 2nd-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$2.00 (2 in stock)
Columbus
by Edgar & Ingri D'Aulaire
from Beautiful Feet Books
Biography for 3rd-6th grade
in Biographies (Location: A12-01A)
$15.95
Columbus
by John Dyson
from Simon and Schuster
Biography for 7th-12th grade
in Clearance: History & Geography (Location: BLG-07D)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Columbus and Cortez, Conquerors for Christ
by John Eidsmoe
from New Leaf Press
Biography for Adult
in Clearance: Biographies (Location: A12-05)
$3.00 (3 in stock)
Columbus and the Age of Discovery
by William Scheller, Zvi Dor-Ner
1st edition from William Morrow & Company
for 7th-12th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$14.00 (1 in stock)
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by Colin Hynson
from Barron's Educational Series, Inc.
for 4th-8th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$4.00 (2 in stock)
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from Scholastic Inc.
for 3rd-7th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$3.00 (2 in stock)
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by Peter F. Copeland
from Dover Publications
for 2nd-6th grade
in Dover Coloring Books (Location: A01-DOV)
$4.99
Conquest of the North and South Poles
Landmark #27
by Russell Owen
from Random House
for 5th-8th grade
in American Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
$12.00 (2 in stock)
Coronado and the Discovery of the Southwest
by A. Grove Day
First Edition from Meredith Corporation
for 5th-9th grade
in Clearance: History & Geography (Location: BLG-07D)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
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by Bernal Diaz del Castillo
from William R. Scott Inc.
for 9th-12th grade
in 17th Century Literature (Location: CLT-17C)
$11.90 (1 in stock)
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by A. G. Smith
1st edition from Dover Publications
for 4th-7th grade
in Paper Cut-Out Models (Location: CGA-06B)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Despite All Obstacles
by Joan Elizabeth Goodman
from Mikaya Press
for 4th-6th grade
in Clearance: History & Geography (Location: BLG-07D)
$4.00 (2 in stock)
Discoverers
by Daniel J. Boorstin
from Vintage Classics
for 10th-Adult
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
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Discovery of New Worlds
Story of the World Series #2
by M. B. Synge
from Yesterday's Classics
History Reference for 4th-8th grade
in Yesterday's Classics (Location: A11-02C)
$10.16
Discovery of the Americas
by Betsy & Giulio Maestro
from HarperTrophy
for 3rd-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$6.99 $4.50 (1 in stock)
Discovery of the Americas
by Betsy & Giulio Maestro
from Scholastic Inc.
for 4th-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$3.00 (2 in stock)
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by Betsy & Giulio Maestro
1st edition from HarperCollins
for 4th-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$9.00 (1 in stock)
DK Atlas of Exploration
by Anita Ganeri, Andrea MIlls
from DK Publishing
for 4th-6th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$14.00 (2 in stock)
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by Rupert Matthews
from Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
for 4th-8th grade
in Exploration (1450-1900) (Location: B01-05A)
$6.00 (1 in stock)
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