Geology (Rocks & Minerals)

Geology (from the Greek ge = earth and logos = word or reason) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history and the processes that shape it. It is one of the Earth sciences. Geologists have determined that the Earth's lithosphere, which includes the crust, is fragmented into tectonic plates that move over a rheic upper mantle (asthenosphere) via processes that are collectively referred to as plate tectonics.

Geologists help locate and manage the earth's natural resources, such as petroleum and coal, as well as metals such as iron, copper, and uranium. Additional economic interests include gemstones and many minerals such as asbestos, perlite, mica, phosphates, zeolites, clay, pumice, quartz, and silica, as well as elements such as sulphur, chlorine, and helium.

Astrogeology refers to the application of geologic principles to other bodies of the solar system. However, specialised terms such as selenology (studies of the Moon), areology (of Mars), etc., are also in use.

The word "geology" was first used by Jean-André Deluc in the year 1778 and introduced as a fixed term by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the year 1779. An older meaning of the word was first used by Richard de Bury. He used it to distinguish between earthly and theological jurisprudence.

Topography is the study ofa planet's geologicalsurface features. In a broader sense, topography is concerned with local detail in general, including not only relief but also vegetative and human-made features, and even local history and culture. This meaning is less common in America, where topographic maps with elevation contours have made "topography" synonymous with relief. The older sense of topography as the study of place still has currency in Europe.

Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. The field also includes studies of variants such as seaquakes, as well as causes such as volcanoes and tectonic plates.
(You can learn more about these scientific disciplines by reading the following articles on Wikipedia: Geology and Seismology.)

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94 Items found Print
101 Super Simple Science Experiments
by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for Kindergarten-8th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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by Rebecca W. Keller
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in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
Amazing Earth Model Book
by Donald M. Silver, Patricia J. Wynne
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Best Book of Fossils, Rocks, and Minerals
by Chris Pellant
from Scholastic Reference
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Caves
by Neil Morris
from Crabtree Publishing
for 3rd-6th grade
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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Caves and Caverns
by Gail Gibbons
from HMH Books for Young Readers
for 1st-4th grade
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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Classical Conversations Biology & Geology - Science Cards
from Classical Conversations
for Kindergarten-8th grade
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from Christopher Lee Publications
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by Dinah Zike & Susan Simpson
from Common Sense Press
for 2nd-5th grade
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DK Eyewitness: Fossil
by Paul D. Taylor
from DK Publishing
for 4th-7th grade
in Dinosaurs & Fossils (Location: BSR-11B)
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DK Eyewitness: Rocks & Minerals
by Dr. R.F. Symes
from DK Publishing
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by Susanna Van Rose
from Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
for 3rd-6th grade
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by Susanna Van Rose
from DK Children
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by William Bronson
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for 6th-Adult
in Titanic & 20th Century Disasters (Location: B01-22D)
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by Kristiana Gregory
from Gulliver Books
Historical Fiction for 5th-8th grade
in Historical Fiction (Location: A05-01A)
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from Gulliver Books
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in Historical Fiction (Location: A05-01A)
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for Kindergarten-6th grade
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by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for Kindergarten-4th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for Kindergarten-4th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for Kindergarten-4th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for Kindergarten-4th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for 5th-8th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
for 5th-8th grade
in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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by Rebecca W. Keller
from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
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in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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from Gravitas Publications, Inc.
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in Real Science-4-Kids (Location: B17-01B)
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from Answers in Genesis
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in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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by DR. John D. Morris
from Answers in Genesis
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in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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by Carl R. Froede, Jr.
from Master Books
for 9th-Adult
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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by Cindy Blobaum
from Williamson Publishing Company
for 1st-7th grade
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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from Golden Books
for 2nd-7th grade
in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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from Master Books
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in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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from Awesome Science Media
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by Hosted by Michael Oard
from Awesome Science Media
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in Geology (Rocks & Minerals) (Location: BSR-04B)
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for 2nd-3rd grade
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from Scholastic Inc.
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