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History of Trains & Railroads

A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a permanenttrack to transport freight or passengers from one place to another. Propulsion for the train is provided by a separate locomotive, or from individual motors in self-propelled multiple units. Most modern trains are powered by diesel locomotives or by electricity supplied by overhead wires or additional rails, although historically (from the early 19th century to the mid-20th century) the steam locomotive was the dominant form of locomotive power.

Rail transport is the conveyance of passengers and goods by means of wheeled vehicles specially designed to run along railways or railroads. Rail transport is part of the logistics chain, which facilitates international trade and economic growth in most countries.

Typical railway tracks consist of two parallel rails, normally made of steel, secured to crossbeams, termed sleepers (UK and Australia) or ties (US). The sleepers maintain a constant distance between the two rails; a measurement known as the "gauge" of the track. To maintain the alignment of the track it is either laid on a bed of ballast or else secured to a solid concrete foundation. The whole is referred to as permanent way (UK and Australia usage) or right-of-way (North American usage).

Railway rolling stock, which is fitted with metal wheels, moves with low frictional resistance when compared to road vehicles. On the other hand, locomotives and powered cars normally rely on the point of contact of the wheel with the rail for traction and adhesion (the part of the transmitted axle load that makes the wheel "adhere" to the smooth rail). While this is usually sufficient under normal dry rail conditions, adhesion can be reduced or even lost through the presence of unwanted material on the rail surface, such as moisture, grease, ice, or dead leaves.

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35 Items found Print
Across America on an Emigrant Train
by Jim Murphy
from Sandpiper Books
for 5th-8th grade
in Immigration & Emigration (Location: B01-22B)
$10.95
American Heritage History of Railroads in America
by Oliver Jensen
Reissue
for 7th-Adult
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Antique Locomotives - Coloring Book
Dover Coloring Books
by Tre Tryckare Company
from Dover Publications
for 2nd-6th grade
in Dover Coloring Books (Location: A01-DOV)
$4.99
Boxcar Children #01
Boxcar Children #1
by Gertrude Chandler Warner
from Albert Whitman & Company
Orphan Stories for 2nd-4th grade
in Boxcar Children (Location: A10-01F)
$5.99
Building of the First Transcontinental Railroad
Landmark #9
by Adele Nathan
from Random House
for 5th-8th grade
in American Landmark Books (Location: A10-04D)
Building of the Transcontinental Railroad
Graphic Library
by Nathan Olson
1st edition from Capstone Press
for 2nd-5th grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Caboose Who Got Loose
by Bill Peet
from Sandpiper Books
Personification Stories for Preschool-4th grade
in Picture Books (Location: CPB-03)
$8.99
Draw 50 Boats, Ships, Trucks, and Trains
by Lee Ames
from Watson-Guptill
for 3rd-8th grade
in Draw 50 (Location: ART-01E)
$9.99
Draw 50 Buildings and Other Structures
by Lee Ames
Reprint from Watson-Guptill
for 3rd-8th grade
in Draw 50 (Location: ART-01E)
$9.99
Draw 50 Princesses
by Lee Ames
from Watson-Guptill
for 3rd-8th grade
in Draw 50 (Location: ART-01E)
$9.99
Draw 50 Vehicles
by Lee Ames
Reprint from Watson-Guptill
for 3rd-8th grade
in Draw 50 (Location: ART-01E)
$9.99
Draw the Draw 50 Way
by Lee Ames
Reprint from Watson-Guptill
for 3rd-8th grade
in Draw 50 (Location: ART-01E)
$9.99
Early American Locomotives
by John H. White, Jr.
from Dover Publications
for 5th-Adult
in Clearance: Science & Health (Location: ACL)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
Famous Railroad Stations of the World
for 4th-10th grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$6.00 (1 in stock)
Famous Trains - Coloring Book
Dover Coloring Books
by Bruce LaFontaine
from Dover Publications
for 2nd-6th grade
in Dover Coloring Books (Location: A01-DOV)
$3.99
Great Railroad Race
Dear America
by Kristiana Gregory
from Scholastic Inc.
Fictional historical journal for 3rd-6th grade
in Dear America Books (Location: A10-04A)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Great Railroad Stories of the World
by Samuel Moskowitz
for 7th-12th grade
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Great Railroads of North America
by Bill Yenne
1st edition from Barnes & Noble
for 7th-Adult
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Great Steam Trains
by Charles Fulkerson Jr., Fredric Winkowski
from Parragon Publishing
for 7th-Adult
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$8.00 (1 in stock)
Iron Horses Across America
Perspectives on History Series
by Jeanne Munn Bracken
from History Compass
Historical Non-fiction for 6th-9th grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$7.95
Journal of Sean Sullivan
by William Durbin
1st edition from Scholastic Inc.
for 3rd-6th grade
in Dear America Books (Location: A10-04A)
$4.50 (2 in stock)
Little Engine That Could - Original Edition
by Watty Piper
from Platt and Munk Publishers
Personification Stories for Kindergarten-3rd grade
in Picture Books (Location: CPB-03)
$8.99
North American Steam: A Photographic History
by Marie Cahill, Tom Debolski
1st edition from Crescent Books
for 7th-12th grade
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$5.00 (1 in stock)
Nothing Like It in the World
by Stephen E. Ambrose
from Simon and Schuster
for 9th-Adult
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Railroad Engines from Around the World - Coloring Book
Dover Coloring Books
by Bruce LaFontaine
from Dover Publications
for 2nd-6th grade
in Dover Coloring Books (Location: A01-DOV)
$4.99
Short Line to Paradise
by Hank Johnston
2nd edition from Flying Spur Press
for 6th-Adult
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Steam, Smoke, and Steel
by Patrick O'Brien
from Charlesbridge
for 2nd-3rd grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$7.95
Story of the Golden Spike
Cornerstones of Freedom
by R. Stein Conrad
from Children's Press
for 4th-6th Grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$4.00 (1 in stock)
Story of the Golden Spike
Cornerstones of Freedom
by R. Conrad Stein
from Sonlight Curriculum, Ltd.
for 4th-6th grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$3.00 (2 in stock)
Ten Mile Day
by Mary Ann Fraser
from Henry Holt and Company
Historical Non-Fiction for 3rd-6th grade
in History of Trains & Railroads (Location: B01-15A)
$8.95
Trains
Usborne Beginners
by Emily Bone
from Usborne
for 1st-2nd grade
in Usborne Beginners (Location: CPB-05B)
$4.99
Transcontinental Railroad
Events That Shaped America
by Michael V. Uschan, Sabrina Crewe
from Gareth Stevens Publishing
for 4th-6th grade
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$2.00 (1 in stock)
Twilight of World Steam
by Ron Ziel, Mike Eagleson
from Grosset & Dunlap
for 7th-12th grade
in Clearance: History & Biographies (Location: BLG-07D)
$3.00 (1 in stock)
We Were There at the Driving of the Golden Spike
We Were There #31
by David Shepherd
from Grosset & Dunlap
for 5th-9th grade
in We Were There Series (Location: A10-04G)
We Were There at the Driving of the Golden Spike
by David Shepherd, William K. Plummer
Reprint from Dover Publications
for 5th-9th grade
in Historical Fiction (Location: A05-01A)
$6.99